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Hip Joint Replacement

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Hip Joint Replacement

The hip is one of the body's largest weight-bearing joints. It consists of two main parts: a ball (femoral head) at the top of your thighbone (femur) that fits into a rounded socket (acetabulum) in your pelvis. Bands of tissue called ligaments (hip capsule) connect the ball to the socket and provide stability to the joint.

The bone surfaces of the ball and socket have a smooth durable cover of articular cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones and enables them to move easily.

A thin, smooth tissue called synovial membrane covers all remaining surfaces of the hip joint. In a healthy hip, this membrane makes a small amount of fluid that lubricates and almost eliminates friction in your hip joint.

Normally, all of these parts of your hip work in harmony, allowing you to move easily and without pain.

What is a total hip replacement?

Total hip replacement is a surgical procedure whereby the diseased cartilage and bone of the hip joint are surgically replaced with artificial materials. The metallic artificial ball and stem and plastic cup socket are referred to as prosthesis.

What are various types of hip replacements?

The various types are:
  • Cemented – Both femoral and acetabular components are fixed using bone cement.
  • Non-cemented – IN this variety, bone is not used to few or insert the prosthesis into the central core of femur and acetabular.
  • Hybrid: In this variety, only the femoral component is fixed using bone cement.

Many thousands of hip replacements are completed without complications every year. In order to achieve the best chance of a smooth recovery you must,

  • Avoid bending or twisting at the hip
  • Avoid low chairs and toilet seats
  • Try not to cross your legs
  • Try not to lie on your sides and
  • Always follow the advice of your doctor.

Is Hip Replacement Surgery beneficial for you?

You may benefit from hip replacement surgery if:

  • Hip pain limits your everyday activities such as walking or bending.
  • Hip pain continues while resting, either day or night.
  • Stiffness in a hip limits your ability to move or lift your leg.
  • You have little pain relief from anti-inflammatory drugs or glucosamine sulfate.
  • You have harmful or unpleasant side effects from your hip medications.

Our treatments such as physical therapy use of a gait aid such as a cane do not relieve pain.